January 31, Indian history, freedom fighters, independence movement, historical significance, national pride, remembrance, Indian tricolor, hope, peace, courage. on this dayThe image portrays a dramatic and evocative scene filled with historical symbolism. In the foreground, an open book is prominently displayed with "January 31" inscribed on its right-hand page, emphasizing the historical importance of the date. Behind the book, ghostly silhouettes of freedom fighters stand resolute, representing the Indian independence movement. Above them, the Indian tricolor unfurls in a powerful wave, with the colors saffron, white, and green blending into the background, symbolizing hope, peace, and courage. The overall mood of the image is both somber and inspiring, capturing the spirit of remembrance and national pride.

On This Day 31 January 2024 Wednesday

On This Day: Sam Vikram: 2080 Purnimanta Mass: Magha Paksha: Krishan / कृष्ण Tithi: Panchami upto 11:35

On This DayPanchang / पंचांगpooja, pooja thali, auspicious ocassion, शुभ मुहूर्त

Virram Samvat / विरम संवत: 2080
Shaka Samvat / शक संवत: 1945
Amanta Month / अमान्त मास: Paush / पौष
Purnimanta / पूर्णिमांत: Magha
Tithi / तिथि: Panchami upto 11:35
Paksha / पक्ष: Krishan / कृष्ण

Today/ आज

Festivals Today:
Festials Tomorrow:
Day Today:
Day Tomorrow: World Interfaith Harmony Week, 1-7 February (A/RES/65/5)

Yoga / योग: Sukarman upto 11:36
First Karana / प्रथम करण: Taitila / तैतिल (तक) upto 11:35
Second Karana / द्वितीय करण: Gara / गर (तक) upto 24:51

Sunrise / सूर्योदय: 7:14
Sunset / सूर्यास्त: 17:54

Moonrise / चंद्रोदय: 22:54
Moonset / चंद्रास्त: 10:12

Sun Sign / कुण्डली: Makara
Moon Sign / राशि: Kanya

pooja, pooja thali, auspicious ocassion, शुभ मुहूर्त, On This DayAuspicious Time / शुभ समय

Abhijit / अभिजीत: None
Amrit Kaal / अमृत काल: None

Inauspicious Time / अशुभ समय

Gulikai Kalam / गुलिकाई कलाम: 11:14 − 12:34
Yamaganda / यमगंडा: 08:34 − 09:54
Dur Muhurtam / दुर्मुहूर्तम्: 04:46 − 04:48
Rahu Kaal / राहु काल: 12:34 − 13:54
Varjyam Kaal / वर्ज्यम् काल: None

Today / आज

Freedom Fighters sacrificed / राष्ट्रवादियों ने बलिदान दिया था At Least/ कम से कम:

Major Historical Events / प्रमुख ऐतिहासिक घटनाएँ

On This Day: Chhatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj’s Attack on Burhanpur

On this day in 1681, Chhatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj, a renowned Maratha ruler and the son of Shivaji Maharaj, initiated a bold attack on Burhanpur, a strategically important Mughal city. This assault was a critical point in the Maratha-Mughal conflict, showcasing the military prowess and strategic acumen of the Maratha Confederacy. Sambhaji Maharaj’s actions significantly undermined Mughal authority and demonstrated the rising power of the Marathas in the Indian subcontinent.

Chhatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj’s Attack on Burhanpur

On This Day, 1903: Reign Begins for Tukojirao Shivajirao Holkar III of Scindia and Gwalior State

On January 31, 1903, Tukojirao Shivajirao Holkar III began his reign over the Scindia and Gwalior State. This period marked a significant transition for the state, characterized by modernization and political maneuvering amidst the growing influence of British colonialism in India. His reign was pivotal in navigating the challenges of a changing era, balancing traditional governance with the pressures of the new colonial landscape.

On This Day : Reign Ends for Shivajirao Tukojirao Holkar of Scindia and Gwalior State

The end of Shivajirao Tukojirao Holkar’s reign on January 31, 1903, marked the conclusion of a significant era for the Scindia and Gwalior State. His tenure saw the adoption of modern governance practices and substantial development within the state. The end of his reign symbolized the shift in the Maratha princely states during a period characterized by the increasing dominance of British colonial rule in

Historical Events in Brief / ऐतिहासिक घटनाएँ संक्षेप में

1. The Bombay riots of December 1992 Ended On This Day

January 1993 were a series of violent incidents that occurred in the city of Bombay (now Mumbai), India. These riots were primarily characterized by intense communal violence between Hindus and Muslims. The immediate trigger was the demolition of the Babri Masjid in Ayodhya on December 6, 1992, which led to widespread national unrest and communal tensions.

Key aspects of the Bombay riots include:

Scale and Impact: The riots resulted in substantial loss of life and property. Official figures reported around 900 deaths, although some estimates suggest higher numbers. Thousands were injured, and many more were displaced.

Communal Tensions: The riots reflected deep-rooted communal tensions in the city. The violence was marked by instances of brutality and atrocities committed by both communities.

Role of Authorities: The response of the police and government authorities during the riots has been a subject of controversy and criticism. There were allegations of bias and inadequate action to control the violence.

Long-term Consequences: The riots had a lasting impact on the social fabric of Bombay, leading to increased polarization and communal distrust. They also had political ramifications, influencing the course of politics in Maharashtra and India.

Judicial Response: The aftermath of the riots saw several commissions and inquiries set up to investigate the causes and assign responsibility, including the Srikrishna Commission, which provided a detailed account of the events and pointed out lapses in law enforcement.

The Bombay riots of 1992-93 remain a significant and tragic event in India’s recent history, highlighting the fragility of communal harmony and the challenges of maintaining peace in a diverse society.

2. 1943: German Surrender at Stalingrad

On January 31, 1943, one of the most significant battles of World War II came to a dramatic conclusion when German forces surrendered at Stalingrad. The defeat marked a turning point in the war, as it was the first major loss for Hitler’s armies. The grueling battle resulted in the death of 160,000 German soldiers and the capture of 90,000 troops, including Friedrich von Paulus, a field marshal who became the first of his rank in German history to surrender. The prisoners were marched to Siberia, with many never returning to their homeland, signaling a pivotal shift in the war’s momentum towards the Allies.

3. 1945: Execution of Eddie Slovik

On the last day of January 1945, Private Eddie Slovik was executed by firing squad for desertion, the first American soldier to be sentenced to death for this crime since the Civil War. At 24 years old, his execution was a controversial decision that remains a subject of ethical and historical debate. Slovik’s death highlighted the extreme measures taken by the U.S. military to maintain discipline and order among troops during the precarious final stages of World War II.

4. 2020: The United Kingdom’s Withdrawal from the European Union

January 31, 2020, marked a historic moment for the United Kingdom and the European Union, as the UK formally completed its withdrawal process from the EU. This event, widely known as Brexit, followed a 2016 referendum in which a majority of British voters chose to leave the EU. The departure concluded a lengthy and complex negotiation process, ushering in a new era for the UK’s international relations and trade, while sparking discussions and debates about the future of the EU and the geopolitical order of Europe.

On This Day: Anniversary / वर्षगांठ

Meher Baba (Spiritual Leader): Passed away on January 31, 1969. Known as a significant spiritual leader.

Preity Zinta (Actress): Born on January 31, 1975, in Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India. Known for her vibrant roles in Indian cinema.

Jackie Robinson (Baseball Player): Born on January 31, 1919, in Cairo, Georgia, USA. A celebrated baseball icon.

Ernie Banks (Baseball Player): Born on January 31, 1931, in Dallas, Texas, USA. Renowned in the baseball world.

Nolan Ryan (Baseball Player): Born on January 31, 1947, in Refugio, Texas, USA. Acknowledged as an all-time great in baseball.

Jersey Joe Walcott (Boxer): Born on January 31, 1914, in Camden, New Jersey, USA. A distinguished figure in boxing.

Victor Ortiz (Boxer, Actor): Born on January 31, 1987, in Garden City, Kansas, USA. Known for his achievements in boxing and acting.

Amrita Arora (Celebrity): Born on January 31, 1981. Recognized in the entertainment industry.

Doug Pederson (Coach, American Football Player): Born on January 31, 1968, in Bellingham, Washington, USA. Famous in American football coaching and playing.

Don Hutson (American Football Player): Born on January 31, 1913, in Pine Bluff, Arkansas, USA. A legendary player in American football.

Renan Barão (Martial Artist): Born on January 31, 1988, in Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. Noted for his achievements in martial arts.

Freedom Fighters’ sacrifice / राष्ट्रवादियों के बलिदान On This Day

Freedom Struggle of January 31 in India: Acts of Valor and Sacrifice

Anant Singh: A Warrior of 1857 January 31st marks a day of bravery and sacrifice in the annals of India’s freedom struggle. On this day in 1858, Anant Singh, a prominent figure from Banpur State in Madhya Pradesh, led a formidable contingent against the British forces. Organizing rebel troops in the thousands, he played a pivotal role in the uprising of 1857, which was a watershed moment in India’s fight for independence. His confrontation with the British army led by Hugh Rose, the same commander who defeated the iconic Rani Lakshmi Bai, took place at Barodia. Anant Singh, along with numerous soldiers, made the ultimate sacrifice on this battlefield, exhibiting a valor that would inspire generations to come.

Guru Kotia: The Martyr of the Quit India Movement

The spirit of defiance against colonial rule continued into the 20th century, with January 31st 1944 becoming a somber day of remembrance for the loss of another freedom fighter. Guru Kotia, hailing from Koraput in Odisha, was an ardent participant in the Quit India Movement, which gained momentum on August 8, 1942, following Mahatma Gandhi’s call for an end to British rule. Arrested for his activities, Guru Kotia was subjected to the appalling conditions of the Nowrangpur (Nabarangpur) Sub-Jail, which led to him contracting cerebral malaria. Despite being transferred to a hospital on January 27, 1944, the neglect and the unhealthy incarceration conditions ultimately led to his demise due to heart failure on January 31, 1944. His death highlighted the harsh realities faced by political prisoners during the freedom struggle, and the subsequent acknowledgment by the Inspector General (Prisons) underscored the systemic issues within prison facilities at the time.

These stories of Anant Singh and Guru Kotia, though separated by nearly a century, are bound by their shared date of January 31st and their unwavering commitment to India’s fight for freedom. They remind us of the countless sacrifices made during the long and arduous journey towards India’s independence.

Feature Image: On This Day. The image portrays a dramatic and evocative scene filled with historical symbolism. In the foreground, an open book is prominently displayed with “January 31” inscribed on its right-hand page, emphasizing the historical importance of the date. Behind the book, ghostly silhouettes of freedom fighters stand resolute, representing the Indian independence movement. Above them, the Indian tricolor unfurls in a powerful wave, with the colors saffron, white, and green blending into the background, symbolizing hope, peace, and courage. The overall mood of the image is both somber and inspiring, capturing the spirit of remembrance and national pride. (https://hinduinfopedia.in/wp-content/uploads/2024/02/8b713b34-3449-4815-833e-e8d67e037731_31_January.webp) [Image Credit: https://www.wikipedia.org]

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