Disparities, personal laws, India, Hindu Marriage Act, Sharia law, imbalance, justice, inequality, religious communities, young marriage, divorce rights.Disparities in Personal Laws: A Tale of Imbalance in India.

This-Day 5 May 2024 Sunday

This-Day 5 May Sam Vikram: Purnimanta Mass: Vaisakha Paksha: Tithi: Krishna Paksha Dwadashi   – May 04 08:39 PM – May 05 05:42 PM, let us have a quick look of the events and anniversaries of India and the world

This-Day 5 MayPanchang /pooja, pooja thali, auspicious ocassion, This-Day 5 May

Shaka Samvat: 1946

Purnimanta: Vaisakha
Tithi: Krishna Paksha Dwadashi   – May 04 08:39 PM – May 05 05:42 PM


Festivals Today: Pradosh Vrat
Festials Tomorrow: Maas Shivaraatri
Day Today: Vesak, the Day of the Full Moon (A/RES/54/115)
Day Tomorrow:

Yoga: Vaidhruthi – May 04 11:03 AM – May 05 07:36 AM

Karana: Kaulava – May 04 08:39 PM – May 05 07:11 AM

Sunrise: 5:40
Sunset: 18:54

Moonrise: 3:35
Moonset: 16:03

Information Source: https://www.prokerala.com/

Today / आज

Independence Fighters sacrificed- At Least: 4

Major Historical Events

Hindu Marriage Act: A Law Reflecting Political Appeasement

On May 5, 1955, the Indian parliament passed the Hindu Marriage Act, which introduced provisions for divorce among Hindus. While this represented a significant development in family law in India, it also highlighted a broader issue related to the differing legal standards for various religious communities in the country. This law marked an important step toward reforming Hindu personal law but also underscored the unequal treatment of religious groups, particularly with the perpetuation of Sharia law for Muslims.

The British colonial administration introduced the Muslim Personal Law (Shariat) Application Act in 1937, aiming to govern personal matters among Muslims based on Sharia principles. This move was partly intended to appease the Muslim population and create divisions between Hindus and Muslims. The continuation of separate personal laws based on religion, and the introduction of the Hindu Marriage Act without addressing similar issues for other communities, further entrenched divisions in Indian society.

The differing legal frameworks have often been criticized for creating a void between communities and fostering inequalities. The Hindu Marriage Act was a step forward for Hindus, but it also underscored the need for a more unified legal system that treats all citizens equally, irrespective of their religion. The existence of separate personal laws for different religious communities has continued to be a contentious issue in India, affecting national integration and communal harmony.

Wall Street Crash- Economic Crisis: 5 May, 1893

The Wall Street Crash of 1893 began on May 5, 1893, marking one of the most severe economic downturns in U.S. history at that time. Triggered by a dramatic drop in stock prices, the crash led to widespread bank closures, business bankruptcies, and skyrocketing unemployment, affecting numerous industries. The crisis underscored the vulnerabilities of the financial system and highlighted the need for stronger economic safeguards, setting the stage for future reforms. The Panic of 1893 deeply impacted the American economy, resulting in significant social and economic upheaval.

History in Brief This-Day 5 May

Decoration Day – Memorial Tradition: On May 5, 1865, Decoration Day was first observed in the United States to honor soldiers’ graves. The holiday evolved into Memorial Day, now observed on the last Monday in May.

Battle of Corregidor – World War II Event: The Battle of Corregidor, a significant conflict in World War II, began on May 5, 1942, and ended the following day.

Alan Shepard – Space Pioneer: On May 5, 1961, Alan Shepard became the first American in space during a suborbital flight as part of the Space Race.

Mickey Mouse Clubhouse – Television Debut: On May 5, 2006, the first episode of “Mickey Mouse Clubhouse” aired on Disney Channel, becoming a popular children’s show.

Anniversaries This-Day 5 May

Zail Singh – President of India:

Zail Singh, the seventh President of India, was born on May 5, 1916, in Faridkot, Punjab. Before his presidency, he had a distinguished political career, serving as Chief Minister of Punjab and as India’s Minister of Home Affairs. His tenure as President was marked by significant political events, and he is remembered for his contribution to Indian politics and governance.

During his presidency, Zail Singh’s decision to appoint Rajiv Gandhi as Prime Minister raised eyebrows, as it went against the existing norm of appointing the senior-most minister in the cabinet. This decision was perceived by some as favoritism, considering the political situation following Indira Gandhi’s assassination. Rajiv Gandhi, though lacking substantial political experience, was appointed over more senior members of the cabinet, causing internal discord within the ruling party.

One of the notable moments during Zail Singh’s presidency was his refusal to sign the Indian Post Office (Amendment) Bill. This bill, proposed by Rajiv Gandhi’s government, was intended to empower the government to intercept and censor personal communication, a measure that many viewed as an infringement on civil liberties. Zail Singh’s refusal came in the wake of the 1984 anti-Sikh riots, where tensions were high following Indira Gandhi’s assassination and subsequent attacks on Sikhs. His stance on the bill highlighted the strained relationship between the president and the prime minister during this period.

Zail Singh’s actions during these critical moments in Indian history demonstrated his willingness to assert his authority and his concern for maintaining a balance between governmental power and civil liberties.

Guru Amar Das – Sikh Guru:

Guru Amar Das, Sikhism, Sikh Guru, spirituality, meditation, Gurdwara, history, simplicity, devotion
Guru Amar Das Ji: A Beacon of Sikh Spirituality

Guru Amar Das, the third Sikh Guru, was born on May 5, 1479, in Punjab, India. He played a crucial role in shaping Sikhism, emphasizing equality, and abolishing certain social practices, such as the purdah system and sati. His teachings and contributions helped to strengthen the Sikh community, laying a foundation for its growth and development.

Related post

Guru Tegh Bahadur: Legacy of Faith and Freedom

Pritilata Waddedar – Freedom Activist:

Pritilata Waddedar, a notable Indian freedom activist, was born on May 5, 1911. She played a key role in India’s independence movement, particularly in Bengal. Her dedication to the cause of freedom, including participating in armed resistance against British rule, made her a revered figure in Indian history. Her sacrifice and commitment serve as an inspiration for many.

Related post and his role displayed

Chittagong Armoury Raid: Catalyst of Armed Resistance

Gulshan Kumar – Businessman and Producer: Gulshan Kumar, the founder of the T-Series music label, was born on May 5, 1951, in New Delhi, India.

Vishakha Singh – Actress: Vishakha Singh, an Indian actress, was born on May 5, 1987.

Raai Laxmi – Actress: Raai Laxmi, an Indian actress, was born on May 5, 1989, in Belagavi, Karnataka.

Mahendra Yadav – Politician: Mahendra Yadav, an Indian politician, was born on May 5, 1963, in New Delhi.

Samaresh Jung – Sport Shooter: Samaresh Jung, an Indian sport shooter, was born on May 5, 1970, in Himachal Pradesh.

Krishna Poonia – Athlete and Politician: Krishna Poonia, an Indian athletics competitor and politician, was born on May 5, 1982, in Agroha, Haryana.

Andy Murray – Tennis Player: Andy Murray, a Scottish tennis player, was born on May 5, 1987, in Glasgow, Scotland.

Nathan Chen – Figure Skater: Nathan Chen, an American figure skater, was born on May 5, 1999, in Salt Lake City, Utah.

Carlos Alcaraz – Tennis Player: Carlos Alcaraz, a Spanish tennis player, was born on May 5, 2003, in El Palmar, Murcia, Spain.

Independence Fighters’ sacrifice This-Day  5 May

The independence struggle in India was marked by acts of bravery and sacrifice. This-day, May 5, witnessed several such events that left an indelible mark on Indian history. These stories, spanning across decades, highlight the courage of individuals who fought for the nation’s freedom.

Shadee Khan: The Rebel Leader

Shadee Khan joined the rebel forces during the Uprising of 1857 and led a group of rebels toward Delhi. After being captured, he was sentenced to life imprisonment and sent to the Andaman Islands, where he died on this-day, May 5, 1859. His actions exemplified the spirit of resistance during the Uprising of 1857.

Gauranga Das: The Civil Disobedience Activist

Gauranga Das, from Bengal, participated in the Civil Disobedience movement. He was injured in police firing during a demonstration on this-day, May 5, 1932, and succumbed to his injuries on May 25, 1932. His involvement in the movement reflects the widespread desire for independence.

Manoranjan Sen: The Revolutionary Fighter

Manoranjan Sen, a member of the Chittagong Revolutionary Party, took part in several significant events, including the Chittagong Armoury Raid. On this-day, May 5, 1930, while attempting to raid the European residential area in Chittagong, he was killed in an encounter with the military. His actions showcased the boldness of the revolutionary fighters.

Deva Singh alias Isher Singh: The Martyr of Jaito Gurdwara

Deva Singh participated in the Shahidi Jatha to Jaito Gurdwara Gangsar, protesting British prohibitions on prayer assemblies. He was arrested and died in Nabha Jail on this-day, May 5, 1927. His sacrifice symbolizes the struggle for religious freedom during the independence movement.

Pritilata Waddedar: The Brave Revolutionary

Pritilata Waddedar, born on this-day, May 5, 1911, was a prominent revolutionary who led an attack on a European Club. She committed suicide on the spot to avoid arrest. Her fearless actions and tragic end are etched in Indian history as a testament to her bravery.

The Bhil Revolt Martyrs

On this-day, May 5, 1922, Bhil agitators, including Dhingoo, Jindoo, Kanha, Lachhoo, Lakha, and Nanoo, were killed in a military attack during the Ekki movement in Sirohi State. Their sacrifice, remembered as The Second Bhil Tragedy, highlighted the plight of tribal communities during British rule.

Nepal Mukherjee: The Anushilan Samiti Member

Nepal Mukherjee, a prominent member of the Anushilan Samiti, was made a state prisoner on this-day, May 5, 1917, for his revolutionary activities. His involvement in various outrages against the British rule marked him as a key figure in the struggle.

Deba Prasad Gupta: The Chittagong Revolutionary

Deba Prasad Gupta participated in the Chittagong Armoury Raid and was involved in an attack on the European area. He died from bullet injuries during an encounter on this-day, May 5, 1930, highlighting the fierce resistance of the Chittagong Revolutionaries.

Rajat Kumar Sen: The Nationalist Fighter

Rajat Kumar Sen, a member of the Indian Republican Army (Chittagong Branch), fought against British rule. He participated in key events, including the raid on the European residential area on this-day, May 5, 1930, where he was killed in an encounter. His death marked another loss in the independence struggle.


This-day, May 5, is a reminder of the countless sacrifices made by brave individuals during the Indian independence movement. Their courage and determination are celebrated as vital parts of Indian history, reflecting the nation’s enduring spirit in the fight for freedom.

The essay provides a comprehensive overview of the significant events and anniversaries associated with this-day, May 5, in Indian history. By covering a range of topics, from major historical events to individual sacrifices during the independence struggle, the essay effectively highlights the importance of this date. The structure, divided into relevant sections, allows for clear and focused discussion, while the conclusion ties the essay together by emphasizing the enduring spirit of those who fought for India’s freedom. This-day, May 5, serves as a poignant reminder of the courage, determination, and sacrifices that have shaped India’s history.

Feature Image: The image portrays a symbolic representation of the disparities in personal laws in India. It features contrasting areas of light and dark to signify division. The scales of justice are prominently displayed, symbolizing the imbalance. The image includes figures representing Hindu and Muslim communities in distinct yet overlapping spaces, reflecting the impact of separate laws on these groups. The artwork vividly illustrates issues such as young girls being married under Muslim laws and divorce rights predominantly held by men. (Click here to see image)

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