contrast, authoritarianism, democracy, liberation, resilience, leadership, historical narrative, freedom, celebration, political artTransition of Power: From the Grip of Authority to the Celebration of Democracy" - This artwork juxtaposes the somber rule of an iron fist with the vibrant triumph of democratic spirit, encapsulating a nation's journey through turmoil to triumph.

On This Day 20 March 2024 Wednesday

On This Day, Sam Vikram: 2080 Purnimanta Mass: Phalguna Paksha: Tithi: Sukla Paksha Ekadashi  let us have a quick look of the events and anniversaries of India and the world

on this dayPanchang / पंचांगpooja, pooja thali, auspicious ocassion, शुभ मुहूर्त, on this day

Virram Samvat: 2080
Shaka Samvat: 1945
Amanta Month: Phalguna
Purnimanta: Phalguna
Tithi: Sukla Paksha Ekadashi

On This Day

Festivals Today:
Festials Tomorrow: Hindoo Nav Varsh, Govind Dvaadashee
Day Today: International Day of Happiness (A/RES/66/281)
Day Tomorrow: Week of Solidarity with the Peoples Struggling against Racism and Racial Discrimination, 21-27 March (A/RES/34/24)

Yoga: Atiganda – Mar 19 04:36 PM – Mar 20 05:00 PM

Karana: Vanija: 12:22 AM – Mar 20 01:19 PM

Sunrise:  6:28 AM
Sunset:  6:28 PM

Moonrise: 14:14
Moonset: 4:24

pooja, pooja thali, auspicious ocassion, शुभ मुहूर्तAuspicious Time / शुभ समय

Abhijit Muhurat – Nil

Amrit Kaal – 03:34 PM – 05:20 PM

Inauspicious Time / अशुभ समय

Rahu – 1:54 PM – 3:14 PM

Yamaganda – 7:13 AM – 8:33 AM

Gulika – 9:54 AM – 11:14 AM

Dur Muhurat – 10:47 AM – 11:30 AM, 03:04 PM – 03:46 PM

Varjyam – 10:02 AM – 11:49 AM

Information Source:

Today / आज

Freedom Fighters sacrificed / राष्ट्रवादियों ने बलिदान दिया था At Least/ कम से कम:6

Major Historical Events

Guru Tegh Bahadur Becomes Ninth Guru of Sikhs: Guru Tegh Bahadur became the ninth Guru of the Sikhs on March 20, 1665.

Guru Tegh Bahadur: Legacy of Faith and Freedom

Dutch East India Company Established: On March 20, 1602, the Dutch East India Company was founded to carry out colonial activities in Asia.

Nadir Shah Occupies Delhi: On March 20, 1739, Iranian ruler Nadir Shah occupied Delhi and sacked the city, stealing treasures including the jewels of the Peacock Throne.

Mahad Satyagraha: On March 20, 1927, the Mahad Satyagraha led by Dr. B.R. Ambedkar took place, a pivotal event in the fight for Dalit rights in India.

Chittisinghpura Massacre: On March 20, 2000, the Chittisinghpura massacre occurred in Jammu and Kashmir, India, where 36 Sikhs were killed by unidentified gunmen.

Lingering Shadows of Violence: From Partition to Terrorism

Jammu Attack: On March 20, 2015, an attack in Jammu and Kashmir killed 6 and injured 10, reflecting ongoing tensions in the region.

History in Brief On This Day

India’s 2012 Delhi Gang Rape Convicts Hanged: On March 20, 2020, four men were executed for the 2012 gang rape and murder of a woman in New Delhi, marking a significant moment in India’s legal and social history.

Premier Indira Gandhi Loses Election: On March 20, 1977, Premier Indira Gandhi lost the election in India.

Tokyo Subway Sarin Attack: On March 20, 1995, the Tokyo subway sarin attack occurred, resulting in numerous casualties and injuries.

Barack Obama Visits Cuba: On March 20, 2016, Barack Obama became the first U.S. president to visit Cuba since 1928, marking a significant moment in U.S.-Cuba relations.

Indian Rivers Declared Living Entities: On March 20, 2017, the Indian rivers Yamuna and the Ganges were declared “living entities” by a court in Uttarakhand, India.

Earendel Imaged by Hubble Space Telescope: On March 20, 2022, the Hubble Space Telescope captured images of WHL0137-LS “Earendel,” the most distant known star, offering unprecedented insights into the early universe.

Anniversaries On This Day

Parul Parmar – Arjuna Award-Winning Para-Badminton Player: Celebrated on March 20, 1973, Parul Parmar is recognized for her achievements as an Arjuna Award-winning Indian para-badminton player.

Gayatri Joshi – Notable Celebrity: On March 20, 1977, Gayatri Joshi, celebrated for her contributions to the entertainment industry, was born.

Harry Vardon – Celebrated Golfer: Harry Vardon, a legendary figure in golf, was born on March 20, 1937, marking the birth of one of the sport’s greatest players.

Pat Riley – Renowned Basketball Figure: Born on March 20, 1945, Pat Riley is celebrated for his illustrious career as both a basketball player and coach.

Sting – WWE Wrestling Icon: The wrestler known as Sting, who has left an indelible mark on professional wrestling, celebrates his birthday on March 20, 1959.

Paul Merson – Esteemed Football Player: March 20, 1968, marks the birth of Paul Merson, celebrated for his significant contributions to football as a player.

Daniel Cormier – Distinguished Martial Artist and Commentator: Celebrated on March 20, 1979, Daniel Cormier is known for his accomplishments in mixed martial arts and as a sports commentator.

Jamal Crawford – Celebrated Basketball Player: Jamal Crawford, renowned for his achievements in basketball, was born on March 20, 1980.

Gerry Bertier – Celebrated American Football Player: Gerry Bertier is remembered for his achievements in American football, with his birth celebrated on March 20, 1981.

Fernando Torres – Celebrated Football Player: Fernando Torres, known for his significant impact on football, was born on March 20, 1984.

Lev Yashin – Legendary Football Player: Celebrated on March 20, 1990, Lev Yashin is remembered for his legendary status as a football goalkeeper.

Big John Studd – Wrestling and Acting Icon: On March 20, 1995, the world of wrestling and acting remembers Big John Studd, celebrated for his career in WWE and acting.

Freedom Fighters’ sacrifice

The Flames of Freedom: Martyrs of March 20th

The struggle for India’s independence from British rule is marked by tales of bravery, sacrifice, and the unyielding spirit of countless individuals who fought against oppression. On this day, March 20th, we remember the valiant souls whose actions contributed to the narrative of freedom and resistance. Their sacrifices are a testament to the price paid for the liberties we enjoy today.

The 1857 Uprising: A Pivotal Moment

The Revolt of 1857 serves as a watershed in the history of the Indian freedom struggle, embodying the first large-scale uprising against British rule. Among the countless revolutionaries who fought in this defining moment, several made the ultimate sacrifice on March 20, 1858.

  • Chanda Baksh and Sarfaraz Khan: Residents of Delhi, both Chanda Baksh and Sarfaraz Khan stood at the forefront of the defense against the advancing British forces during the siege of Delhi. Their leadership and bravery in combat highlighted the collective resistance against colonial rule. Captured and executed by the British, their martyrdom on this day symbolizes the fierce resistance offered by the city’s defenders.
  • Chunda and Surfuraz Khan: Similarly, Chunda and Surfuraz Khan actively participated in the 1857 Uprising, engaging in direct combat to fend off the British reoccupation of Delhi. Their subsequent capture, conviction, and execution by hanging on March 20, 1858, illustrate the grave consequences faced by those who dared to rebel.

Heroes of Jaunpur and Beyond

The spirit of rebellion also surged through the veins of individuals beyond the capital, extending into the North-Western Provinces and other regions.

  • Avtar Misr, Makhdum Bakhsh, Raghu Upadhya, Ratan Singh, and Thakur: These residents of Jaunpur joined the revolt, engaging British forces in a daring encounter at Sonth on March 20, 1858. Despite their valiant efforts, they were captured and later executed, embodying the widespread nature of the uprising and the severe reprisals that followed.
  • Gandhurva Singh: From the region of Sagar, Madhya Pradesh, Gandhurva Singh’s participation in the 1857 Uprising showcases the pan-Indian nature of the resistance. Captured and hanged on this day, his actions reflect the localized struggles that contributed to the national movement.

The Legacy of Lakshmi Bai

One of the most iconic figures of the 1857 Revolt, Rani Lakshmi Bai of Jhansi, also faced a critical juncture on this day. On March 20, 1858, under siege by Hugh Rose’s forces, she displayed unparalleled courage and leadership, defending her fortress with a small band of loyal followers. Though she would eventually fall in battle months later, her defense of Jhansi on this day remains a symbol of defiance and the fierce will to maintain sovereignty.

Khagapati Bhotra: A Later Chapter

The struggle for freedom continued well into the 20th century, as evidenced by the participation of individuals like Khagapati Bhotra in the Quit India Movement. Arrested for his activities, Bhotra’s death on March 20, 1943, due to the dire conditions faced by political prisoners, underscores the ongoing sacrifices made in pursuit of independence.

Reflections on Sacrifice On This Day

On this day, we honor the memory of those who fought and fell for the cause of freedom. Their diverse backgrounds and the breadth of their struggle against colonial rule remind us of the collective endeavor that the fight for independence was. The 20th of March stands as a day to reflect on their courage, the sacrifices they made, and the legacy of resilience and determination they left behind. Their stories, from the streets of Delhi to the battlegrounds of Jaunpur and the prison cells of Orissa, are integral chapters in the narrative of India’s quest for sovereignty.

Feature Image: The artwork features a powerful split composition. On the left, a stoic figure with a steely gaze and a raised fist dominates the scene, symbolizing authoritarian rule during a dark period. Muted colors, shadowy figures, and obscured faces convey a mood of suppression. In contrast, the right side bursts with color and light, representing hope and democratic freedom. Jubilant, abstract faces reach towards a vibrant flag, embodying the celebration of liberated expression and governance. (·E-2024-03-20-10.38.36_Indiras_Ironfist_in_Emergency_and_loss_in_1977.webp)

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