Prarthana Samaj, Anglo-Manipur War, Rajbah massacre, D. James, Nadir Shah, Chima Saheb, Indian freedom struggle, historical collage, March 31 events, Indian history, cultural heritage, natural landscape, unity, sacrifice, remembrance, soldiers in conflict, peaceful assembly, lighting candles, freedom fighters, resilience, spirit of unity.March 31st in Indian History: A Tapestry of Struggle and Unity - Remembering the foundation of Prarthana Samaj, the valor of the Anglo-Manipur War, the solemnity of the Rajbah massacre, and the sacrifices of freedom fighters D. James, Nadir Shah, and Chima Saheb against the backdrop of India's enduring spirit.

On This Day 31 March 2024 Sunday

On This Day, Sam Vikram: 2081 Purnimanta Mass: Chaitra Paksha: Tithi: Krishna Paksha Shashthi  , let us have a quick look of the events and anniversaries of India and the world

on this dayPanchang /pooja, pooja thali, auspicious ocassion,, on this day

Virram Samvat: 2081
Shaka Samvat: 1945
Amanta Month: Phalguna
Purnimanta: Chaitra
Tithi: Krishna Paksha Shashthi

On This Day

Festivals Today: Poorv
Festials Tomorrow: Sheetala Saptamee, Aprail Phool Divas, Vitteey Varsh Praarambh
Day Today:
Day Tomorrow:

Yoga: Vyatipata – Mar 30 10:46 PM – Mar 31 09:53 PM

Karana: Garija: 09:14 PM – Mar 31 09:27 AM

Sunrise:  6:15 AM
Sunset:  6:34 PM

Moonrise: 0:28
Moonset: 10:33

pooja, pooja thali, auspicious ocassionAuspicious Time

Abhijit Muhurat – 12:00 PM – 12:49 PM

Amrit Kaal – 01:48 PM – 03:28 PM

Inauspicious Time

Rahu – 1:54 PM – 3:14 PM

Yamaganda – 7:13 AM – 8:33 AM

Gulika – 9:54 AM – 11:14 AM

Dur Muhurat – 10:47 AM – 11:30 AM, 03:04 PM – 03:46 PM

Varjyam – 10:02 AM – 11:49 AM

Information Source:

Today / आज

Freedom Fighters sacrificed- At Least: 1

Major Historical Events

Prarthana Samaj – Foundation of Religious Reform

  • Established: March 31, 1867
  • Originally Known: Atmiya Sabha
  • Significance: Prarthana Samaj marks a pivotal moment in India’s religious reform movement. It aimed to promote monotheism and social reform within Hindu society, inspired by the Brahmo Samaj and its principles. The foundation of Prarthana Samaj represented a progressive step towards modernizing Hindu practices, emphasizing rational worship, and the upliftment of women and the underprivileged in society. It played a crucial role in the socio-religious landscape of the time, advocating for education and against social ills like child marriage and caste discrimination.

Anglo-Manipur War – A Historical Conflict

  • Date: Commenced on March 31, 1891
  • Parties Involved: British Empire and the Kingdom of Manipur
  • Context: The Anglo-Manipur War was sparked by political and territorial disputes, exacerbated by British attempts to exert control over the region. The conflict began with the British demanding the extradition of leaders from Manipur who were involved in the killing of British officials, leading to a military confrontation. This war highlighted the tensions between the British colonial powers and the independent kingdoms of India, culminating in British victory and the subsequent annexation of Manipur into the British Indian Empire. The war had significant repercussions, including the execution of Manipuri leaders and the imposition of direct British rule over the region.

Rajbah Massacre – A Tragic Day in Punjab

  • Date: March 31, 1988
  • Event: Rajbah massacre
  • Details: The Rajbah massacre stands as a dark chapter in the history of Punjab, during a period marked by significant unrest and terrorist incidents. On this day, a group of civilians fell victim to a violent attack, leaving a deep scar on the collective memory of the state. The massacre is one of many tragic events that occurred in the context of the insurgency in Punjab during the 1980s and early 1990s, reflecting the intense socio-political turmoil and the impact of violence on the region’s inhabitants. The event underscores the human cost of conflict and the enduring need for peace and reconciliation in areas affected by violence.

History in Brief On This Day

Brazil’s Military Coup: Starting from March 31 to April 1, 1964, a coup d’état in Brazil led to the establishment of a military dictatorship, altering the country’s political landscape.

Anniversaries On This Day

  • Guru Angad – Spiritual Leadership: Guru Angad, the second of the ten Sikh Gurus, was born on March 31, 1504, and is celebrated for his contributions to Sikhism.
  • Jack Johnson – Boxing Legend: Jack Johnson, celebrated as the first African American world heavyweight boxing champion, was born on March 31, 1878.
  • Gordie Howe – Hockey Icon: Gordie Howe, known as “Mr. Hockey,” an iconic figure in ice hockey, was born on March 31, 1928.
  • Akhilesh Das – Political Figure: Akhilesh Das, known for his influential role in Indian politics, celebrates his birthday on March 31, 1961.
  • Jesse Owens – Athletic Excellence: Jesse Owens, an athlete who made history with his performance at the 1936 Berlin Olympics, passed away on March 31, 1980.
  • Hashim Amla – Cricket Virtuoso: Hashim Amla, acclaimed for his achievements in cricket, was born on March 31, 1983.
  • Koneru Humpy – Chess Prodigy: Koneru Humpy, distinguished as the youngest woman ever to achieve the title of Grandmaster, celebrates her birthday on March 31, 1987.

Freedom Fighters’ sacrifice

On This Day: Remembering Freedom Struggle Heroes

March 31st marks the sacrifice of notable figures in India’s fight for independence, each from different fronts but united in their quest for liberation.

D. James – The INA’s Gallant Soldier

D. James epitomized valor by transitioning from the British-Indian Army to the Indian National Army (INA) in 1942. As Lance-Naik in Unit No. 50, he showcased extraordinary bravery against the British in Burma, laying down his life on March 31, 1944. His sacrifice is a testament to the INA’s relentless struggle for freedom.

Nadir Shah – The Rebel of Gujarat

During the 1857 Uprising, Nadir Shah of Gujarat played a crucial role in arming rebels and inspiring resistance against British rule. Captured and sentenced to life, he died in the Andaman Islands’ detention on April 12, 1859. Shah’s resilience underscores the widespread opposition to colonial oppression.

Chima Saheb – The Strategist of Kolhapur

Chima Saheb of Kolhapur was instrumental in the 1857 revolts, engaging with various rebel leaders and rallying forces against the British. Arrested on March 31, 1858, and later deported, his strategic efforts against the British marked him as a key figure in the resistance movement, until his death on May 15, 1869.


D. James, Nadir Shah, and Chima Saheb’s stories reflect the diverse and united stand against colonial rule. Their sacrifices, commemorated on this day, continue to inspire a spirit of resilience and unity in the pursuit of freedom. Their legacy, a reminder of the price paid for the liberties enjoyed today, motivates us to cherish and uphold the values for which they fought.

Feature Image: The image is a vibrant collage that captures significant moments and personalities from March 31st in Indian history. It features a peaceful assembly of individuals gathered to celebrate the foundation of the Prarthana Samaj, their faces reflecting hope and unity. Another section vividly portrays the intensity of the Anglo-Manipur War with soldiers engaged in battle, emphasizing the conflict’s historical significance. A poignant remembrance for the Rajbah massacre is depicted through the symbolic act of lighting candles, honoring the victims’ memories. Portraits of freedom fighters D. James, Nadir Shah, and Chima Saheb are prominently featured, commemorating their sacrifices for India’s freedom struggle. The backdrop showcases India’s diverse cultural and natural beauty, adding depth and context to the historical events and figures represented. (Click here to see image)

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