on this day, India's freedom struggle, February 12, 1857 Uprising, Indian National Army, Calcutta protests, martyrdom, heroes of independence, Shah Abdul Qudir, Mohit Roy, gallows, sacrifice for freedom, colonial resistance, historical bravery, unity and courage.Echoes of Sacrifice: Remembering the Heroes of February 12th - A tribute to the martyrs who paved the path to India's independence through their unyielding courage and ultimate sacrifice. Their legacy inspires us to honor the freedom they fought for with valor and unity.

On This Day 12 February 2024 Monday

On this day we have a lot lined up from pages of history of India and the world including the Indian Freedom Struggle and more

Sam Vikram: 2080 Purnimanta Mass: Magha Paksha: Tithi: Sukla Paksha Tritiya

Panchang / पंचांग

Virram Samvat / विरम संवत: 2080Shaka Samvat / शक संवत: 1945Amanta Month / अमान्त मास: MaghaPurnimanta / पूर्णिमांत: MaghaTithi / तिथि: Sukla Paksha Tritiya

On This Day

Festivals Today: Somavaar Vrat
Festials Tomorrow: Ganesh Jayantee, Varad Chaturthee, Kumbh Sankraanti
Day Today: International Day for the Prevention of Violent Extremism as and when Conducive to Terrorism (A/RES/77/243)
Day Tomorrow: World Radio Day (A/RES/67/124)

Yoga / योग:

Siddha – Feb 12 06:30 AM – Feb 13 02:36 AM
Sadhya – Feb 13 02:36 AM – Feb 13 11:04 PM

Karana / करण:

Taitila: 09:09 PM – Feb 12 07:24 AM
Garija: 07:24 AM – Feb 12 05:44 PM
Vanija: 05:44 PM – Feb 13 04:10 AM

Sunrise / सूर्योदय: 7:06Sunset / सूर्यास्त: 18:04

Moonrise / चंद्रोदय: 8:44Moonset / चंद्रास्त: 20:56

Auspicious Time / शुभ समय

Inauspicious Time / अशुभ समय

Rahu – 8:28 AM – 9:50 AM
Yamaganda – 11:13 AM – 12:35 PM
Gulika – 1:57 PM – 3:19 PM
Dur Muhurat – 12:57 PM – 01:41 PM, 03:08 PM – 03:52 PM
Varjyam – 11:35 PM – 01:02 AM

Information Source: https://www.prokerala.com/

Freedom Fighters sacrificed / राष्ट्रवादियों ने बलिदान दिया था At Least/ कम से कम: 19

History On This Day

Transfer of Power in Scindia and Gwalior State (12 February 1794)

On February 12, 1794, a significant transition in leadership occurred within the Scindia dynasty, a prominent Maratha confederacy ruling over the Gwalior State in India. This date marked both the end of Mahadaji Scindia’s reign and the beginning of Daulatrao Scindia’s rule over the Gwalior State.

End of Mahadaji Scindia’s Reign:

  • Mahadaji Scindia was one of the most powerful and influential leaders of the Maratha Empire during the 18th century. His leadership was marked by military prowess and diplomatic skill, significantly contributing to the Maratha resurgence after the Third Battle of Panipat in 1761.
  • Under Mahadaji’s guidance, the Scindia family became the preeminent power in northern India, exercising control over vast territories, including parts of what is now Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Madhya Pradesh.
  • Mahadaji played a crucial role in consolidating Maratha power in North India. He was instrumental in negotiating with the British East India Company and other regional powers, ensuring the Maratha confederacy’s dominance.
  • His death on February 12, 1794, ended a chapter characterized by strategic expansion and consolidation of the Maratha Empire’s northern frontiers.

Beginning of Daulatrao Scindia’s Reign:

  • Daulatrao Scindia succeeded Mahadaji Scindia as the leader of the Scindia dynasty and the ruler of Gwalior State. His reign began immediately following Mahadaji’s death on February 12, 1794.
  • Daulatrao was known for his attempts to maintain the prominence and territorial integrity of the Scindia dominion within the rapidly changing political landscape of late 18th-century India, amid rising British influence.
  • His reign was characterized by both military engagements and alliances, as he navigated the complex dynamics between the Maratha Empire, the British East India Company, and other Indian princely states.
  • Despite facing challenges, including conflicts with the British and internal disputes within the Maratha confederacy, Daulatrao’s leadership was marked by efforts to sustain the legacy of his predecessors and protect Maratha interests.

The transition from Mahadaji to Daulatrao Scindia represents a pivotal moment in the history of the Maratha Empire, reflecting the dynasty’s resilience and adaptability in the face of changing political realities in India.

History in Brief On This Day

Historical Events of February 12

End of the Chinese Empire and Establishment of the Republic of China

The transition from the Qing Dynasty to the Republic of China marks a pivotal moment in Chinese history, symbolizing the end of over two thousand years of imperial rule. This transition, which occurred around the early 20th century, was the culmination of both internal upheavals and external pressures, leading to the abdication of the last emperor and the establishment of the Republic of China. This change aimed to modernize China and introduce democratic reforms, significantly impacting its political, social, and cultural landscape.

1502: Vasco da Gama’s Second Voyage to India

On February 12, 1502, Vasco da Gama, the Portuguese explorer, embarked on his second voyage to India from Lisbon. This expedition followed his historic first voyage, which had successfully established a sea route from Europe to India via the Cape of Good Hope. The second voyage aimed to consolidate Portuguese maritime dominance in the Indian Ocean and secure Portugal’s spice trade routes, marking a significant phase in the Age of Discovery.

1772: Discovery of the Kerguelen Archipelago

French navigator Yves-Joseph de Kerguelen-Trémarec discovered the Kerguelen Archipelago on February 12, 1772. This uninhabited group of islands in the sub-Antarctic ocean was significant for France’s exploratory efforts, despite the archipelago’s harsh climate and remote location. Today, it serves as an important base for scientific research, particularly in studying ecosystems and climate change.

Premiere of “Rhapsody in Blue” by George Gershwin

“Rhapsody in Blue,” one of George Gershwin’s most famous compositions, premiered on February 12 in New York City. This landmark piece, which blends elements of classical music with jazz influences, showcased Gershwin’s innovative approach to composition and has since become a staple in American music, celebrated for its distinctive style and expression.

Austrian Civil War (February 12–16)

The Austrian Civil War, which took place from February 12 to 16, led to a Fascist victory, marking a crucial period in Austria’s interwar history. The conflict was primarily between the conservative government forces and socialist workers, reflecting the broader political and social tensions in Europe at the time. This event significantly impacted Austria’s political landscape, leading to authoritarian rule.

1960: Chinese Army Kills 12 Indian Soldiers

On February 12, 1960, a conflict between the Chinese and Indian armies resulted in the death of 12 Indian soldiers. This incident was part of the broader Sino-Indian tensions that occasionally flared into military confrontations, highlighting the ongoing border disputes and geopolitical rivalry between the two nations.

Anniversaries On This Day

1949: Gundappa Viswanath, an influential cricketer, was born in Bhadravathi, marking a significant contribution to Indian cricket.

1992: Abbas Ansari, known for his dual roles as a politician and sport shooter, was born in Uttar Pradesh, showcasing his versatility in both fields.

1983: Iko Uwais, celebrated for his roles as an actor, choreographer, and martial artist, was born in Jakarta, Indonesia, bringing his unique talents to the global stage.

1990: Robert Griffin III, an American football player celebrated for his dynamic play, was born in Okinawa, Japan, adding to the diversity of talents in the NFL.

2000: The sports world remembered Tom Landry, an iconic American football coach, marking his passing in Mission, Texas, USA, and celebrating his lasting legacy.

1988: DeMarco Murray, recognized for his contributions to American football both as a player and a coach, was born in Las Vegas, Nevada, USA.

1934: Bill Russell, a legendary basketball player, was born in Monroe, Louisiana, USA, remembered for his extraordinary career and civil rights advocacy.

1987: Claudia Ciesla, a celebrity with diverse talents, marks this date as a significant point in her journey.

1988: Nicolás Otamendi, a professional football player from Buenos Aires, celebrates this day, known for his solid defense in football.

1824: Dayanand Saraswati, a key figure in the Indian freedom movement and a spiritual leader, was born, leaving a profound impact on the country’s socio-religious fabric.

1871: C F Andrews, a freedom activist, was born, remembered for his dedication to the Indian independence movement and his close association with Mahatma Gandhi.

2017: Al Jarreau, a versatile jazz singer and musician, passed away in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA, leaving behind a rich musical legacy.

1984: Tony Ferguson, an accomplished martial artist, was born in Oxnard, California, USA, known for his achievements in mixed martial arts.

Freedom Struggle History On This Day

February 12th marks a day of valor and sacrifice in India’s long struggle for freedom, a testament to the bravery of those who fought against colonial rule.

From the gallows of 1857 to the protests of 1946, each act of defiance on February 12th highlights the diverse and united front of India’s freedom fighters.

The sacrifices made on February 12th, from Pahladpur to Calcutta, underscore the relentless spirit of a nation in pursuit of independence.

Heroes like Bhowro, Shah Abdul Qudir, and Mohit Roy, though not widely celebrated, are crucial to the narrative of India’s journey toward sovereignty.

February 12th serves as a solemn reminder of the ultimate price paid by many for the liberty we enjoy today, urging us to honor and remember their sacrifices.

Feature Image: This poignant image encapsulates the enduring sacrifices of India’s freedom fighters across different eras, specifically highlighting the historical significance of February 12th. It vividly portrays the unwavering resolve of martyrs from the 1857 Uprising, the valorous combat of Shah Abdul Qudir with the Indian National Army, and the youthful determination of Mohit Roy during the Calcutta protests. Each vignette is a tribute to the relentless spirit of those who laid down their lives for the nation’s independence, serving as a solemn reminder of the price of the liberty we cherish today. (https://hinduinfopedia.in/wp-content/uploads/2024/02/DALL·E-2024-02-13-06.22.44_Visualize_Indian_freedom_fighters.webp)

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