Martyrs of Indian Independence And Gandhi’s Influence

Mahatma Gandhi’s 21-day fast in 1933 was a defining moment in the Indian independence movement, demonstrating his commitment to nonviolent resistance against British rule. This act of protest was not only a personal test but also a public symbol of resistance, which drew many to the cause, sparking widespread participation in the Civil Disobedience Movement. However, Gandhi’s strategies also attracted criticism, particularly regarding the efficacy and consequences of nonviolent resistance, which, while morally admirable, was met with brutal repression that cost many lives. Critics argue that these sacrifices, although galvanizing public sentiment, inadvertently played into the British strategy of divide and rule, delaying the independence struggle rather than hastening it.